Crus Bourgeois Classification Bordeaux Wine Chateau Producer Guide

pin it button Crus Bourgeois Classification Bordeaux Wine Chateau Producer Guide

UC bottles 21 300x224 Crus Bourgeois Classification Bordeaux Wine Chateau Producer Guide

The Bordeaux Crus Bourgeois Classification will undergo the first major changes since it was first created in 1932 when 444 Medoc chateaux were classified. The changes will allow any Medoc château to apply for the classification.  Furthermore, following the 2008 vintage, the right to use the term Cru Bourgeois will be renewed annually. Bureau Veritas, an independent entity, will evaluate candidates considering the condition of the estate’s grounds, vineyards and wine making facilities. The agency will also oversee blind tastings of every vintage submitted to a jury of Bordeaux professionals.  For a chateau to be in the Crus Bourgeois Classification, they must come from one of the 8 appellations in the appellation of the Medoc in the Left Bank.  The communes are: Pauillac, St. Estephe, Margaux, St. Julien, Moulis, Listrac, Haut Medoc and the Medoc. Today, more than 25% of all the wine produced, bottled and sold from the Medoc is currently classified as Cru Bourgeois.

Unofficially, a type of Crus Bourgeois Classification has been in existence since at least 1850, when Cocks and Feret created three categories for the wines, Cru Bourgeois Classification, Cru Bourgeois Superieur, Bon Cru Bourgeois and Crus Bourgeois. However, when the official 1855 Classification of the Medoc took place, several of those chateaux felt slighted for not being included in what was to become a historic document.

When the 1932 Crus Bourgeois Classification was created, a massive array of producers were included, 444 in total! 99 were classed as Cru Bourgeois Superieur and 18 were granted the title of Cru Bourgeois Exceptionnel. However, unlike the 1855 classification of the Medoc, the Cru Bourgeois classification was never certified. Eventually, that lack of certification led to a continuing reclassification of the Cru Bourgeois chateau and vineyards.

While the majority of vineyards in the Crus Bourgeois Classification are located in the Haut Medoc appellation and its related communes, it’s instructive to get a good look and an understanding at where the chateaux in the Crus Bourgeois Classification are situated in the major, appellations of the Medoc:

6 Cru Bourgeois classified chateau come from the St. Julien appellation of which Chateau du Glana is perhaps the best them.

6 Cru Bourgeois classified chateau come from the Pauillac appellation with Chateau Pibran at the head of the pack.

20 Cru Bourgeois classified growths come from the Margaux appellation. There are a few of those estates that in any serious reclassification could be classed as a Fifth Growth today. Perhaps Chateau Labegorce is the leading estate in this category today.

35 Cru Bourgeois classified chateaux come from the St. Estephe Appellation! That is more than any other major appellation. In fact it’s more than all the other major appellations in the Medoc combined! If a new classification of the Medoc ever took place, there are numerous candidates for Fifth Growth status from Saint. Estephe that are producing wine as good of better than several of the better known, Fifth Growth classified wines today.

Over the years due to the constant changing Crus Bourgeois Classification, some unsuccessful applicants sued, saying the selection procedure was biased, even though the results were not certified, Others sued because chateaux not from the Medoc began using the term as did wineries who were not deemed to be Cru Bourgeois. The court ruled in their favor. A tasting took place from all estates wishing to be classed as Cru Bourgeois based on wines from 1994 to 1999. The results produce three levels of Crus Bourgeois Classification; Crus Bourgeois, Crus Bourgeois Superieur and Crus Bourgeois Exceptionnel. This would be revised every ten years and was to be certified by the French Government. In 2003, the results were announced with 247 chateaux earning the Crus Bourgeois Classification.

However, like the ever changing classification in St. Emilion, chateau were not happy with the results. Some sued, others left the classification off their wines. From that point forward, events rapidly changed into what we have today with the Crus Bourgeois classification.

The Alliance des Crus Bourgeois du Medoc came up with a new Crus Bourgeois Classification system in 2008, that would be continually updated, making it the most current, living classification for wines as it would be updated every year. Along with the yearly reviews, the Alliance des Crus Bourgeois discontinued the previous system of classification. The terms Crus Bourgeois Superieur and Crus Bourgeois Exceptionnel were placed on hold.

Due to that decision, numerous estates that were previously part of the Crus Bourgeois classification declined to participate in the current classification saying; the updated system lacks the prestige and charm of the original Crus Bourgeois classification.

Of course they were right about the prestige. The new certification did not offer differing levels of quality. Perforce, the chateaux that had earned the level of Cru Bourgeois Exceptionnel were not separated by in class, from the other producers. This new system forced many of those top chateaux to refuse to participate with the The Alliance des Crus Bourgeois. Instead, they created their own competing organization, Les Exceptionnels. All the former classified Cru Bourgeois Exceptionnel joined this new group, with the exception of two chateau; Haut Marbuzet, who no longer wants to be part of either classification and Phelan Segur. The decision of Phelan Segur was understandable as the owner of the Phelan Segur, Thierry Gardinier happens to be the the director of Alliance Cru Bourgeois.

Another positive benefit from the new Cru Bourgeois Classification of Bordeaux wines is the bottles will come with an authentication sticker that features the Cru Bourgeois logo. This clearly visible sticker lets consumers easily know the wine is a classified Cru Bourgeois Bordeaux wine.

The most recent Crus Bourgeois Classification, based on the standing of Crus Bourgeois chateaux for 2010 was released in September 2012. The Alliance des Crus Bourgeois made significant changes in the results. For the first time, all Crus Bourgeois chateaux are of equal ranking. The previous classification of Cru Bourgeois Exceptionnel is no longer being used. Now, all estates are considered equals and instead of a classification, it’s looked at as a certification. The marketplace did not care for the new classification, let alone understand it.

The number of Cru Bourgeois classified estates continues to expand. For the 2009 classification, there were 246 estates included in the us Bourgeois Classification. That grew to 260 with the 2010 Classification. With the 2012 Cru Bourgeois Classification, The Alliance des Crus Bourgeois du Medoc awarded Cru Bourgeois status to 267 chateaux.

This shows continued growth among the Cru Bourgeois producers. Chateaux included in the Cru Bourgeois are spread among different appellations. At this time, 111 chateau are situated in the Medoc, 80 estates are located in the Haut-Medoc and the remainder of producers can be found in various other, smaller appellations. When added together, the chateaux that make up the Cru Bourgeois Classification own more than 4,100 hectares of vines. The combined production of all the Cru Bourgeois estates comes to more than 29 million bottles of Bordeaux wine per year!

The results for the certification to be included in the Crus Bourgeois classification were arrived at due to the results of blind tastings. The yearly blind tastings are held 18 months after each vintage. The blind tasting takes place shortly after bottling for the majority of chateaux.

How is all this being perceived by the Bordeaux Crus Bourgeois producers? The estates that held the ranking of Cru Bourgeois Exceptionnel are not happy to lose their position of status. Of course, everyone else is thrilled to be in the same level of class. Will consumers care? In America, no. It will not matter. As for other wine drinking countries, it is too early to tell. But early results show that Cru Bourgeois Classified estates are able to sell their wine for slightly more than wines with only the appellation listed on the label.

In Bordeaux, it’s an issue. Levels of status in classification or certification matter. Plus, having personal experience tasting a reasonable amount of these wines, clearly some chateaux produce much better wine than others. To add a sense of quality to the list, and to bring back the top estates who refused to participate, because of their loss of status, The Cru Bourgeois Alliance is going to revert back to a system that rewards differing levels of quality. They are considering adding Cru Bourgeois Exceptionnel and Cru Bourgeois Superieur classes to their certification.

Below is a list of the estates from the now defunct 2003 Crus Bourgeois Classification:

Cru Bourgeois Exceptionnel

Château Chasse Spleen

Château Haut Marbuzet

Château Labegorce Zédé

Château Les Ormes de Pez

Château de Pez

Château Phelan Segur

Château Potensac

Château Poujeaux

Château Siran

Cru Bourgeois Supérieur

Château Agassac (d’) (Ludon-Médoc, Haut Medoc)
Château  d’Angludet (Cantenac, Margaux)
Château Anthonic (Moulis-en-Médoc, Moulis-en-Médoc)
Château Arche (d’) (Ludon-Médoc, Haut-Médoc)
Château Arnauld (Arcins, Haut-Médoc)
Château Arsac (d’) (Arsac, Margaux)
Château Beaumont (Cussac-Fort-Médoc, Haut-Médoc)
Château Beau-Site (Saint-Estèphe, Saint-Estèphe)
Château Biston-Brillette (Moulis-en-Médoc, Moulis-en-Médoc)
Château Boscq (Le) (Saint-Estèphe, Saint-Estèphe)
Château Bournac (Civrac, Médoc)
Château Brillette (Moulis-en-Médoc, Moulis-en-Médoc)
Château Cambon La Pelouse (Macau, Haut-Médoc)
Château Cap-Léon-Veyrin (Listrac-Médoc, Listrac-Medoc)
Château Cardonne (La) (Blaignan, Médoc)
Château Caronne Sainte-Gemme (Saint-Laurent-Médoc, Haut-Médoc)
Château Castera Saint-Germain-d’Esteuil, Médoc)
Château Chambert-Marbuzet (Saint-Estèphe, Saint-Estèphe)
Château Charmail Saint-Seurin-de-Cadourne, Haut-Médoc)
Château Cissac (Cissac-Médoc, Haut-Médoc)
Château Citran (Avensan, Haut-Médoc)
Château Clarke (Listrac-Médoc, Listrac-Médoc)
Château Clauzet (Saint-Estèphe, Saint-Estèphe)
Château Clément Pichon (Parempuyre, Haut-Médoc)
Château Colombier-Ponpelou (Pauillac)
Château Coufran Saint-Seurin-de-Cadourne, Haut-Médoc)
Château Le Crock (Saint-Estèphe, Saint-Estèphe)
Château Dutruch Grand Poujeaux (Moulis-en-Médoc, Moulis-en-Médoc)
Château Escurac (d’) (Civrac, Médoc)
Château Fonbadet (Pauillac, Pauillac)
Château Fonréaud (Listrac-Médoc, Listrac-Médoc)
Château Fourcas Dupré (Listrac-Médoc, Listrac-Médoc)
Château Fourcas Hosten (Listrac-Médoc, Listrac-Médoc)
Château Furcas Loubaney (Listrac-Médoc, Listrac-Médoc)
Château Giana (du) (Saint-Julien-Beychevelle)Ch

Château Grands Chênes (Les) (Saint-Christoly-de-Médoc, Médoc)
Château Gressier Grand Poujeaux (Moulis-en-Médoc, Moulis-en-Médoc)
Château Greysac (Bégadan, Médoc)
Château Gurgue (La) (Margaux, Margaux)
Château Hanteillan (Cissac-Médoc, Haut-Médoc)
Château Haut-Bages Monpelou (Pauillac, Pauillac)
Château Haye (La) (Saint-Estèphe, Saint-Estèphe)
Château Labegorce (Margaux, Margaux)
Château Lamarque (de) (Lamarque, Haut Medoc)
Château Lamothe Bergeron (Cussac-Fort-Médoc, Haut-Médoc)
Château Lanessan (Cussac-Fort-Médoc, Haut-Médoc)
Château Larose Trintaudon (Saint-Laurent-Médoc, Haut-Médoc)
Château Lestage (Listrac-Médoc, Listrac-Médoc)
Château Lestage Simon (Saint-Seurin-de-Cadourne, Haut-Médoc)
Château Lilian Ladouys (Saint-Estèphe, Saint-Estèphe)
Château Liversan (Saint-Sauveur, Haut-Médoc)
Château Loudenne (Saint-Yzans-de-Médoc, Médoc)
Château Malescasse (Lamarque, Haut-Médoc)
Château Malleret (de) (Le Pian-Médoc, Haut-Médoc)
Château Maucaillou (Moulis-en-Médoc, Moulis-en-Médoc)
Château Maucamps (Macau, Haut-Médoc)
Château Mayne Lalande (Listrac-Médoc, Listrac-Médoc)
Château Meyney (Saint-Estèphe, Saint-Estèphe)
Château Monbrison (Arsac, Margaux)
Château Moulin à Vent (Moulis-en-Médoc, Moulis-en-Médoc)
Château Moulin de La Rose (Saint-Julien-de-Beychevelle, Saint-Julien)
Château Ormes Sorbet (Les) (Couquèques, Médoc)
Château Paloumey (Ludon-Médoc, Haut-Médoc)
Château Patache d’Aux (Bégadan, Médoc)
Château Paveil de Luze (Soussans, Margaux)
Château Petit Bocq (Saint-Estèphe, Saint-Estèphe)
Château Pibran (Pauillac)
Château Ramage La Batisse (Saint-Sauveur, Haut-Médoc)
Château Reysson (Vertheuil, Haut-Médoc)
Château Rollan de By (Bégadan, Médoc)
Château Saransot-Dupré (Listrac-Médoc)
Château Ségur (Parempuyre, Haut-Médoc)
Château Sénéjac (Le Pian-Médoc, Haut-Médoc)
Château Soudars (Saint-Seurin-de-Cadourne, Haut-Médoc)
Château Taillan (du) (Le Taillan-Médoc, Haut-Médoc)
Château Terrey Gros Cailloux (Saint-Julien-Beychevelle)
Château Tour de By (La) (Bégadan, Médoc)
Château Tour de Mons (La) (Soussans, Margaux)
Château Tour de Pez (Saint-Estèphe, Saint-Estèphe)
Château Tour du Haut Moulin (Cussac-Fort-Médoc, Haut-Médoc)
Château Tour Haut Caussan (Blaignan, Médoc)
Château Tronquoy-Lalande (Saint-Estèphe)
Château Verdignan (Saint-Seurin-de-Cadourne, Haut-Médoc)
Château Vieux Robin (Bégadan, Medoc)
Château Villegorge (de) (Avensan, Haut Medoc)

Crus Bourgeois :

Château Andron Blanquet (Saint-Estèphe)
Château Aney (Cussac-Fort-Médoc Haut Medoc)
Château Arcins (d’) (Arcins, Haut-Médoc)
Château Argenteyre (L’) (Bégadan, Médoc)
Château Aurilhac (d’) (Saint-Seurin-de-Cadourne, Haut-Médoc)
Château Balac (Saint-Laurent-Médoc, Haut-Médoc)
Château Barateau (Saint-Laurent-Médoc, Haut-Médoc)
Château Bardis (Saint-Seurin-de-Cadourne, Haut-Médoc)
Château Barreyres (Arcins, Haut-Médoc)
Château Baudan (Listrac-Médoc, Listrac-Médoc)
Château Beau-Site Haut-Vignoble (Saint-Estèphe, Saint-Estèphe)
Château Bégadanet (Bégadan, Médoc)
Château Bel Air (Saint-Estèphe, Saint-Estèphe)
Château Bel Air (Cussac-Fort-Médoc, Haut-Médoc)
Château Bel Orme Tronquoy-de-Lalande (Saint-Seurin-de-Cadourne, Haut-Médoc)
Château Bel-Air Lagrave (Moulis-en-Médoc, Moulis-en-Médoc)
Château Belles Graves (des) (Ordonnac, Médoc)
Château Bessan Ségur (Civrac, Médoc)
Château Bibian (Listrac-Médoc, Listrac-Médoc)
Château Blaignan (Blaignan, Médoc)
Château Boscq (Le) (Bégadan, Médoc)
Château Bourdieu (Le) (Valeyrac, Médoc)
Château Bourdieu (Le) (Vertheuil, Haut-Médoc)
Château Braude (de) (Macau, Haut-Médoc)
Château Breuil (du) (Cissac-Médoc, Haut-Médoc)
Château Bridane (La) (Saint-Julien-Beychevelle, Saint-Julien)
Château Brousteras (des) (Saint-Yzans-de-Médoc, Médoc)
Château Cabans (des) (Bégadan, Médoc)
Château Cap de Haut (Lamarque, Haut-Médoc)
Château Capbern Gasqueton (Saint-Estèphe, Saint-Estèphe)
Château Chantelys (Prignac-en-Médoc, Médoc)
Château Clare (La) (Bégadan, Médoc)
Château Commanderie (La) (Saint-Estèphe, Saint-Estèphe)
Château Coteau (Le) (Arsac, Margaux)
Château Coutelin Merville (Saint-Estèphe, Saint-Esèphe)
Château Croix (de La) (Ordonnac, Médoc)
Château Dasvin-Bel-Air (Macau, Haut-Médoc)
Château David (Vensac, Médoc)
Château Devise d’Ardilley (Saint-Laurent-Médoc, Haut-Médoc)
Château Deyrem Valentin (Soussans, Margaux)
Château Dillon (Blanquefort, Haut-Médoc)
Château Domeyne (Saint-Estèphe, Saint-Estèphe)
Château Donissan (Listrac-Médoc, Listrac-Médoc)
Château Ducluzeau (Listrac-Médoc, Listrac-Médoc)
Château Duplessis (Moulis-en-Médoc, Moulis-en-Médoc)
Château Duplessis Fabre (Moulis-en-Médoc, Moulis-en-Médoc)
Château Duthil (Le Pian-Médoc, Haut-Médoc)
Château Ermitage (L’) (Listrac-Médoc, Listrac-Médoc)
Château Escot (d’) (Lesparre-Médoc, Médoc)
Château Fleur Milon (La) (Pauillac, Pauillac)
Château Fleur Peyrabon (La) (Saint-Sauveur, Pauillac)
Château Fon du Berger (La) (Saint-Sauveur, Haut-Médoc)
Château Fontesteau (Saint-Sauveur, Haut-Médoc)
Château Fontis (Ordonnac, Médoc)
Château Galiane (La) (Soussans, Margaux)
Château Gironville (de) (Macau, Haut-Médoc)
Château Gorce (La) (Blaignan, Médoc)
Château Gorre (La) (Bégadan, Médoc)
Château Grand Clapeau Olivier (Blanquefort, Haut Medoc)
Château Grandis (Saint-Seurin-de-Cadourne, Haut-Médoc)
Château Granins Grand Poujeaux (Moulis-en-Médoc, Moulis-en-Médoc)
Château Grivière (Blaignan, Médoc)
Château Haut-Beauséjour (Saint-Estèphe, Saint-Estèphe)
Château Haut-Bellevue (Lamarque, Haut-Médoc)
Château Haut Breton Larigaudière (Soussans, Margaux)
Château Haut-Canteloup (Saint-Christoly-de-Médoc, Médoc)
Château Haut-Madrac (Saint-Sauveur, Haut-Médoc)
Château Haut-Maurac (Saint-Yzans-de-Médoc, Médoc)
Château Houissant (Saint-Estèphe, Saint-Estèphe)
Château Hourbanon (Prignac-en-Médoc)
Château Hourtin-Ducasse (Saint-Sauveur, Haut-Médoc)
Château Labadie (Bégadan, Médoc)
Château Ladouys (Saint-Estèphe, Saint-Estèphe)
Château Laffitte Carcasset (Saint-Estèphe, Saint-Estèphe)
Château Laffitte Laujac (Bégadan, Médoc)
Château Lafon (Prignac-en-Médoc, Médoc)
Château Lalande (Listrac-Médoc, Listrac-Médoc)
Château Lalande (Saint-Julien-Beychevelle)
Château Lamothe-Cissac (Cissac-Médoc, Haut-Médoc)
Château Larose Perganson (Saint-Laurent-Médoc, Haut-Médoc)
Château Larrivaux (Cissac-Médoc, Haut-Médoc)
Château Larruau (Margaux, Margaux)
Château Laujac (Bégadan, Médoc)
Château Lauzette-Declercq (La) (Listrac-Médoc, Listrac-Médoc)
Château Leyssac (Saint-Estèphe, Saint-Estèphe)
Château Lieujean (Saint-Sauveur, Haut-Médoc)
Château Liouner (Listrac-Médoc, Listrac-Médoc)
Château Lousteauneuf (Valeyrac, Médoc)
Château Magnol (Blanquefort, Haut-Médoc)
Château Marbuzet (de) (Saint-Estèphe, Saint-Estèphe)
Château Marsac Séguineau (Soussans, Margaux)
Château Martinens (Cantenac, Margaux)
Château Maurac (Saint-Seurin-de-Cadourne, Haut-Médoc)
Château Mazails (Saint-Yzans-de-Médoc, Médoc)
Château Meynieu (Le) (Vertheuil, Haut-Médoc)
Château Meyre (Avensan, Haut-Médoc)
Château Moines (Les) (Couquèques, Médoc)
Château Mongravey (Arsac, Margaux)
Château Monteil d’Arsac (Le) (Arsac, Haut-Médoc)
Château Morin (Saint-Estèphe, Saint-Estèphe)
Château Moulin Rouge (du) (Cussac-Fort-Médoc, Haut-Médoc)
Château Mouline (La) (Moulis-en-Médoc, Moulis-en-Médoc)
Château Muret (Saint-Seurin-de-Cadourne, Haut-Médoc)
Château Noaillac (Jau-Dignac-Loirac, Médoc)
Châreau Perier (du) (Saint-Christoly-de-Médoc, Médoc)
Château Pey (Le) (Bégadan, Médoc)
Château Peyrabon (Saint-Sauveur, Haut-Médoc)
Château Peyredon Lagravette (Listrac-Médoc, Listrac-Médoc)
Château Peyre-Lebade (Listrac-Médoc, Haut-Médoc)
Château Picard (Saint-Estèphe, Saint-Estèphe)
Château Plantey (Pauillac, Pauillac)
Château Poitevin (Jau-Dignac-Loirac, Médoc)
Château Pomys (Saint-Estèphe, Saint-Estèphe)
Château Pontac Lynch (Cantenac, Margaux)
Château Pontey (Blaignan, Médoc)
Château Pontoise Cabarrus (Saint-Seurin-de-Cadourne, Haut-Médoc)
Château Puy Castéra (Cissac-Médoc, Haut-Médoc)
Château Ramafort (Blaignan, Médoc)
Château Raux (du) (Cussac-Fort-Médoc, Haut-Médoc)
Château Raze Beauvallet (La) (Civrac, Médoc)
Château Retout (du) (Cussac-Fort-Médoc, Haut-Médoc)
Château Reverdi (Listrac-Médoc, Listrac-Médoc)
Château Roquegrave (Valeyrac, Médoc)
Château Saint-Ahon (Blanquefort, Haut-Médoc)
Château Saint-Aubin (Saint-Sauveur, Médoc)
Château Saint-Christophe (Saint-Christoly-de-Médoc, Médoc)
Château Saint-Estèphe (Saint-Estèphe, Saint-Estèphe)
Château Saint-Hilaire (Queyrac, Médoc)
Château Saint-Paul (Saint-Seurin-de-Cadourne, Haut-Médoc)
Château Segue Longue (Jau-Dignac-Loirac, Médoc)
Château Ségur de Cabanac (Saint-Estèphe, Saint-Estèphe)
Château Semeillan Mazeau (Listrac-Médoc, Listrac-Médoc)
Château Senilhac (Saint-Seurin-de-Cadourne, Haut-Médoc)
Château Sipian (Valeyrac, Médoc)
Château Tayac (Soussans, Margaux)
Château Temple (Le) (Valeyrac, Médoc)
Château Teynac (Saint-Julien-Beychevelle, Saint-Julien)
Château Tonnelle (La) (Cissac-Médoc, Haut-Médoc)
Château Tour Blanche (Saint-Christoly-de-Médoc, Médoc)
Château Tour de Bessan (La) (Cantenac, Margaux))
Château Tour des Termes (Saint-Estèphe, Saint-Estèphe)
Château Tour-du-Roc (Arcins, Haut-Médoc)
Château Tour Prignac (Prignac-en-Médoc, Médoc)
Château Tour Saint-Bonnet (Saint-Christoly-de-Médoc, Médoc)
Château Tour Saint-Fort (Saint-Estèphe)
Château Tour Saint-Joseph (Cissac-Médoc, Haut-Médoc)
Château Trois Moulins (Macau, Haut-Médoc)
Château Tuileries (Les) (Saint-Yzans-de-Médoc, Médoc)
Château Vernous (Lesparre, Médoc)
Château Vieux Château Landon (Bégadan, Medoc)
Château Villambis (de) (Cissac-Médoc)