St. Estephe Bordeaux Wine Guide with information on the history, character and style of the best wines in St. Estephe Bordeaux wine appellation, with links to the top Bordeaux wine producers, wine tasting notes, top ten facts about St. Estephe, detailed Chateau Profiles for the Saint Estephe region plus images, ratings, reviews, histories, technical information and Bordeaux wine buying tips for the wines in the Saint Estephe appellation. You can also find tips on the best wine and food pairings for the wines of St. Estephe.
If you want to read about other Bordeaux wine producers in different Bordeaux appellations: Links to all Bordeaux Wine Producer Profiles If you are interested in learning more about Bordeaux wine, we offer numerous articles on everything about Bordeaux wine, from a history of the Bordeaux region and the famous 1855 Classification, the grapes used to produce Bordeaux wine and even vintage summaries, covering Bordeaux wine from 1900 to today: All About Bordeaux Wine Guide
The best chateaux, wines, vineyards and producers in Saint Estephe: The links located to the left of the page lead to the best Saint Estephe wines and their producers. You can read St. Estephe wine tasting notes , detailed profiles and histories of the estates, details on the wines, wine making, soils and other important information, as well as view images of the following top Bordeaux value wine producers:
St. Estephe wine and food pairings: The Bordeaux wines of St. Estephe are powerful, rich, full bodied, tannic, structured Bordeaux wines meant to age. Saint Estephe wines can pair quite well with food. The wines of St. Estephe can be best when served with roasted, braised or grilled meats like steak, veal, pork, beef and game. St. Estephe is also a natural wine and food pairing with hard and soft cheese.
Overview of the St. Estephe appellation: The best of these wines from the northernmost appellation of the Medoc offer a purity and intensity that is seldom found in other Bordeaux wines. However, the region also produces a myriad of wines that are rustic and austere in style. Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot are the kings here. Even though some Cabernet Franc and Petit Verdot are planted in the region, they only play a minor role. While St. Estephe is close to the same size as Pauillac, and is located right next door to Pauillac, St. Estephe has very few 1855 Classified Growths. What savvy consumers can find in St. Estephe are numerous Cru Bourgeois wines that are easily at the level of many 5th growths, yet they sell for a pittance, when compared to numerous more expensive wines from the Left Bank. To illustrate how many St. Estephe estates are classed as Cru Bourgeois, there are 35 Cru Bourgeois classified chateau in the Saint Estephe Appellation! That is more than any other major appellation. In fact it’s more than all the other major appellations in the Medoc combined! If a new classification of the Medoc ever took place, there are numerous candidates for Fifth Growth status from Saint Estephe that are producing wine as good of better than several of the better known, Fifth Growth classified wines today.
Size of St. Estephe appellation: St. Estephe, with 1,377 hectares under vine is the largest of the major, Bordeaux appellations in the Medoc. On average, 585,000 cases of wine are produced each year. St. Estephe is located in the most northern part of the Left Bank. The St. Estephe appellation borders the northern end of Pauillac, next to Chateau Lafite Rothschild, in the middle of Bordeaux and the Pointe-de-Grave. You know you are instantly in the St. Estephe appellation because once you hae driven past Lafite Rothschild, the first thing you see when traveling north, on the right hand side of the D2 highway is the famous frontage of Chateau Cos d’Estournel.
Terroir and soil of St. Estephe: Even casual observers of the soils can see the rich mixture of rocks, clay, limestone and gravel that rests on the surface and of course below, deep in the terroir. Beneath the surface lies a complex blend of different soils, sub soils and terroir’s. St. Estephe, which is not far from the river offers a myriad micro climates as well for the top chateaux.
These divergent terroir’s appear all over the Saint Estephe appellation. The upper terrace of St. Estephe is based on sand and gravel. The lower terrace has more gravel soils. If you move east, you encounter soils featuring marine limestone as a major component of the terroir. The lesser St. Estephe areas feature terroir with lighter, sandy soil, along with a blend of sandstone and quartz. Lastly, travel south and look below the surface and you will uncover a concentration of sub soils filled with loam. As you can guess, the gravel and clay are paramount to the wines of St. Estephe. The gravel assists with natural drainage, holds the warmth of the sun, reflecting its light and heat to the vines, helping the grapes ripen, while the clay retains moisture in the hot, dry vintages. The rich diversity of terroir’s and soils explain the diverse styles of Bordeaux wines that come from St. Estephe. Previously, well before the 1982 vintage, the wines of St. Estephe were always thought of as the biggest, most rustic, tannic wines of Bordeaux. That is not the case today at the top estates in the St. Estephe appellation.
St. Estephe is different than the other Bordeaux appellations located in the Medoc. Most of the Medoc is filled with gravel, rocks, limestone and sand with a minor amount of clay. In St. Estephe, there are large deposits of clay in the soil. Due to the large deposits of clay, the wines of St. Estephe often produce great wine in hot, dry years. The finest terroir in the appellation is situated on the hill of Cos, where Chateau Cos d’Estournel is located. Not far from the vineyards of Cos d’Estournel, you have perfect views of their neighbor, Lafite Rothschild. To get an idea on how the soil and terroir of St. Estephe compares to the other important appellations in Bordeaux; The terroir and soil of Bordeaux
The taste, character and style of St. Estephe wine: Due to its massive size, it’s easy to find a diverse array of wines from growers in the St. Estephe region. The top two producers, Cos d’Estournel can produce the ripest, most exotic style of wine in the appellation. Montrose, is more structured, powerful and perhaps longer lived. In vintages where the grapes are capable of ripening, the wines from those two chateaux, as well as at the other top estates are never harsh. However, in lesser vintages, or from numerous smaller estates, the wines can be some of the most rustic, austere wines in the Left Bank. When mature, the wines of St. Estephe deliver rich, concentrated wines with notes of cassis, fresh blackberry, tobacco, cigar box, stone and Asian spice.
The Top Ten Facts You Need to Know about St. Estephe
#1 St. Estephe, due to its cooler terroir is usually the last major appellation in the Medoc to start harvesting.
#2 St. Estephe lays claim to vines belonging to Chateau Lafite Rothschild. A special dispensation was agreed on allowing Lafite Rothschild the right to use those vines in their wine.
#3 St. Estephe has the largest concentration of Cru Bourgeois classified growths in the Medoc, with 35 chateaux classed as Cru Bourgeois.
#4 St. Estephe, with 1,377 hectares under vine is the largest of the major, Bordeaux appellations in the Medoc.
#5 St. Estephe is located in the most northern part of the Left Bank of any of the major appellations.
#6 St. Estephe has large concentrations of clay in their terroir, which helps the region in the hot, dry vintages, as well as provide great soils for Merlot.
#7 St. Estephe vineyards have slowly been increasing the amount of Merlot planted in the vineyards for several decades.
#8 St. Estephe has the least amount of chateaux named in the 1855 Classification of any of the major appellations in the Medoc. While only 5 estates were classified in 1855, they occupy 20% of the entire appellation.
#9 Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot are the two most important grapes planted in the St. Estephe appellation.
#10 St. Estephe was at one point in time considered to produce the most rustic, hard wines in Bordeaux. With the search for riper fruit, better vinification and more Merlot in the vineyards, that is no longer the case.
St. Estephe not only borders Pauillac, but some of the vineyards abut Chateau Lafite Rothschild from Pauillac. In fact, at one time, some of the vineyard land belonging to Chateau Lafite Rothschild were located in St. Estephe. Lafite Rothschild was forced to lobby and persuade the ruling body to change the St. Estephe boundaries, so those vines could be included in the wine of Chateau Lafite Rothschild!
The grapes of St. Estephe: Over the past several decades, the general trend in the St. Estephe vineyards has been to add more Merlot, which has added a lot of softness to the tannins and the wines. Merlot works well in the appellation due to the large amount of clay found in the soils. The trend to pick later, coupled with global warming has also helped the wines of St. Estephe. Smaller plantings of Cabernet Franc and occasionally Petit Verdot are also planted in St. Estephe.
Because St. Estephe is the appellation furthest north, it’s a little cooler and is often the last area in the Medoc to harvest. The proximity to water aids the vines in the dry vintages, while the clay helps the soil retain moisture.
The best vintages for Saint Estephe wines. Perhaps the top vintages for the St. Estephe appellation do not date back quite as far as the other top Bordeaux appellations. Most of that has to do with the fact that during the 1940’s, 1950’s, 1960’s and 1970’s, the chateaux did not have the funds needed to produce the best wines possible. That situation began to change for the better during the 1980’s and continues improving today as owners make the much needed investments in their vineyards and cellars. The top years for the wines of Saint Estephe are: 1982, 1989, 1990, 1996, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2009 and 2010. If you are interested in reading more detailed information on other vintages for St. Estephe and all the top Bordeaux appellations, please read: Bordeaux Year to Year Detailed Vintage Reports 1900 to Today
1855 Classification of St. Estephe: Only five wines from St. Estephe were included in the original 1855 classification. Those classified vineyards make up about 20% of the entire St. Estephe appellation. That is less than every other commune in the Left Bank. In the 1855 Classification, the top two chateaux of Saint Estephe, are the same top two wines of the appellation today, Cos d’Estournel and Montrose. Interestingly, some people claim Chateau Montrose is a better expression of St. Estephe, while Chateau Cos d’Estournel is the more modern styled wine. According to Bruno Prats, the previous owner of Chateau Cos d’Estournel, those same comments have been made for over 50 years. The more things change, the more they stay the same.