The first plantings of Syrah in California took place in the Napa Valley in 1878. At the time, some growers mistakenly called the grape Petite Sirah due to the size of the small berries. Petite Sirah, also known as Durif was not imported into California until 1884. However, the majority of vines were destroyed during the 1890′s following a devastating attack of phylloxera. By 1898, growers were once again planting Syrah in the Golden State.