Chateau La Gaffeliere St. Emilion Bordeaux, Complete Guide

Chateau La Gaffeliere

Learn everything about Chateau La Gaffeliere St. Emilion, Premier Grand Cru Classe B with wine tasting notes, and wine with food pairing tips. Learn the best vintages, a history of the property, information on the vineyards, and winemaking. If you want to read about other important, Bordeaux Chateaux: Links to all Bordeaux Wine Producer Profiles

Chateau La Gaffeliere History, Overview

Before the modern era for Chateau La Gaffeliere took hold, from all the ruins left behind by the ancient Romans, it is clear vines were cultivated here thousands of years ago.

Chateau La Gaffeliere has the unique distinction of being one of the oldest, family-owned vineyards in the St. Emilion appellation of Bordeaux. The family can trace their roots in the Right Bank all the way back to the 1400s!

The fifteenth-century Bordeaux chateau of La Gaffeliere might not have always been a winery. In fact, the chateau could have been used for a completely different purpose. It is possible that the chateau might have been a gaffeliere. A gaffeliere is translated from ancient French to a leper colony.

While parts of the estate date back to the 11th century, the true beginnings of La Gaffeliere as a winery started with the arrival of the Comte de Malet-Roquefort in the 17th century. They are responsible for the unique, Gothic-styled chateau, that is easily visible from the main road leading to the Saint Emilion village.

By the 18th century, Chateau La Gaffeliere had earned a reputation for producing high-quality, St. Emilion wine. At some point in time, the vineyard was split with some of the land shifting to what became Canon La Gaffeliere, located just down the road.

Under the Malet-Roquefort family, for a period of time, the estate was known as La Gaffeliere Naudes. Until 1961, the wines of La Gaffeliere Naudes were outstanding. For consumers seeking older Bordeaux, these can often be found at low prices in the marketplace. Eventually, the name of the estate changed and was shortened to just Chateau La Gaffeliere.

The wines of Chateau La Gaffeliere during the 1980s were moderate at best. It was not their best period, even though at some point during that decade, that is where a young Alexandre Thienpont learned his trade. Alexandre Thienpont is better known for the chateau he owns in Pomerol, Vieux Chateau Certan.

After 1964 the quality of the wines being produced at this Right Bank estate slipped and did not fully recover until Stephane Derenoncourt teamed with the Malet-Roquefort family.

In late 2014, Count Alexandre de Malet Roquefort purchased 13 hectares from the Cassatt family that included Chateau Mauvezin, Domaine de Peyrelongue and Chateau Haut Badon. From those 13 hectares of vines, it is thought that 3 – 4 hectares of vines are of Classified Growth quality. Also in 2014, Chateau La Gaffeliere removed three hectares of their vines for replanting.

Chateau La Gaffeliere Vineyards, Terroir, Grapes, Winemaking

The 38 hectare Saint Emilion vineyard of Chateau La Gaffeliere is planted to 70% Merlot and 30% Cabernet Franc. This is quite different than what you find as recently as the mid-1990s. In those days, the Merlot was only 65% and there was also 10% of the vines devoted to Cabernet Sauvignon. Those vines have since been ripped out and replaced. The Cabernet Franc has been increased as well.

The vineyard has a terroir of clay, limestone, chalk, and sandy soils. Underneath that, you find more clay and limestone on the hillsides. In the flats, you have more sand in the vineyard.

You can easily divide the vineyard of La Gaffeliere into 3 main sections. The best terroir is the 7 hectares of vines on the plateau close to Chateau Ausone and not far from Chateau Belair-Monange.

There is a smaller parcel on flatter land next to Moulin Saint Georges. They have one more parcel, which is their largest holding. It is located across the road from Chateau Pavie at the bottom of the slopes, where you find more gravel, rocks, and sand.

One of these days, I am going to have to ask if they ever make a parcel selection as an experimental wine. The vines are old at an average age of 40 years. The vineyard is planted to a vine density ranging from 6,000 vines per hectare to 9,615 vines per hectare for some of the newer plantings. During the early part of the 1980s, the owners experimented with machine harvesting. That practice has long since been discontinued.

To produce the wine of Chateau La Gaffeliere, vinification of the wine takes place in temperature-controlled, stainless steel tanks. The grapes are whole berry fermented. Malolactic fermentation takes place in French oak barrels.

The wine of Chateau La Gaffeliere is aged in an average of 70% to 80% new, French oak barrels, where the wine remains on its lees for about 12 months. In total, the wine spends between 18 to 20 months in barrel, depending on the character and quality of the vintage. On average, slightly more than 4,000 cases of Chateau La Gaffeliere are produced every vintage.

There is a second wine, Clos La Gaffeliere. Since 1995, the Malet-Roquefort family also produces Les Hauts de la Gaffeliere, which is sold as both a Saint Emilion and AOC Bordeaux wine through their Maison Malet Roquefort. negociant company.

The Best Vintages of Chateau La Gaffeliere are: 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015, 2010, 2009 and 2005. I have also enjoyed truly older vintages from 1961, 1955, and even earlier. If you find old vintages, if they are in good shape, they could be worth taking a chance on.

When to Drink Chateau La Gaffeliere, Anticipated Maturity, Decanting Time

Chateau La Gaffeliere is much better with at least 8-12 years of aging in good vintages. Young vintages can be decanted for 2-3 hours or more. This allows the wine to soften and open its perfume.

Older vintages might need very little decanting, just enough to remove the sediment. Chateau La Gaffeliere offers its best drinking and should reach peak maturity between 9-30 years of age after the vintage.

Serving Chateau La Gaffeliere with Wine, Food, Pairing Tips

Chateau La Gaffeliere is best served at 15.5 degrees Celsius, 60 degrees Fahrenheit. The cool, almost cellar temperature gives the wine more freshness and lift.

Chateau La Gaffeliere is best paired with all types of classic meat dishes, veal, pork, beef, lamb, duck, game, roast chicken, roasted braised, and grilled dishes. Chateau La Gaffeliere is also good when matched with Asian dishes, hearty fish courses like tuna, mushrooms, and pasta.

Château la Gaffelière Wine Tasting Notes

26 Vintages 102,469 Views Sort by Vintage-Rating

2019 Château La Gaffelière  (St. Émilion Grand Cru) 95

Rich, plush, silky-textured wine with layers of ripe, sweet, fresh, juicy, dark red fruits, licorice, earth, smoke and espresso notes. Full-bodied, concentrated and with a round, luscious, fruit-filled finish with ripe, fresh, plums, cherries, thyme, cocoa and crushed rocks in the endnote. The wine is a blend of 60% Merlot and 40% Cabernet Franc. 94-96 Pts

6,670 Views   Tasted
2018 Château La Gaffelière  (St. Émilion Grand Cru) 94

Lush, polished and pure, the wine has a roundness to the fruit, flesh, silky tannins and a floral, licorice, espresso, cocoa and red pit fruit, plummy finish. 93-95 Pts

4,301 Views   Tasted
2017 Château La Gaffelière  (St. Émilion Grand Cru) 92

You'll find the stony nature in the wine before moving to the lush, ripe, dark red fruits, licorice and espresso notes. Full bodied and lush, this is tasty now and it is going to be more tasty with six to eight years of bottle age. 92 Points

2,347 Views   Tasted
2016 Château La Gaffelière  (St. Émilion Grand Cru) 94

Deep ruby in color, the wine is round, lush, polished, concentrated and fruity, with these great, crushed rock and floral accents. 94 Points

3,608 Views   Tasted

Medium bodied, soft polished and fresh, with an earthy, licorice, espresso, smoke and black cherry profile. The finish says as much about the silky tannins, as it does with its dark cherry finish has a nice, dark chocolate finish. 93 Points

2,960 Views   Tasted
2015 Château La Gaffelière  (St. Émilion Grand Cru) 93

Silky tannins, soft, polished, ripe sweet, red fruits, flowers, smoke, black licorice, espresso and wet earth are found easily. There is richness, character and length, with time in the cellar, this should add more complexity and nuance. 93 Points

4,303 Views   Tasted

Softly-textured, with polished, tannins and a spicy core of dark red fruits, flowers, licorice, earth, juicy, fresh plums and minerality. 93 Points

3,402 Views   Tasted
2014 Château La Gaffelière  (St. Émilion Grand Cru) 92

Licorice, earth and dark, fresh plums, this wine is silky, limber and sweet with freshness and finesse in the finish. 91-93 pts

2,713 Views   Tasted
2013 Château La Gaffelière  (St. Émilion Grand Cru) 89

Fresh blackberry, boysenberry, licorice and oak kick off the wine. Improved by the soft palate presence, the finish remains in the mocha and cherry mode. From a blend of 90% Merlot and 10% Cabernet Franc, the wine is aging in 50% new French oak. 88-90 Pts

2,867 Views   Tasted
2012 Château La Gaffelière  (St. Émilion Grand Cru) 90

Blending 80% Merlot with 20% Cabernet Franc, the wine reached 13.8% alcohol. On the palate, the mineral driven, oaky, blackberry filled wine is well made, but it lacks excitement. 89-91 Pts

4,688 Views   Tasted
2011 Château La Gaffelière  (St. Émilion Grand Cru) 92

From 80% Merlot and 20% Cabernet Franc, the wine reached 13% alcohol. Stone, coffee, black cherry and earthy scents are found in the perfume, while round tannins and a ripe, sweet and long cherry personality are the hallmarks of this wine. 90-93 Pts

2,541 Views   Tasted
2010 Château La Gaffelière  (St. Émilion Grand Cru) 94

2010 La Gaffeliere From an assemblage of 80% Merlot and 20% Cabernet Franc, with its deep ruby color, licorice, smoke, jammy dark berry and coffee aromas is a treat. Rich, polished, tannic, black and red fruits are found in the finish. 93-95 Pts

2,791 Views   Tasted
2009 Château La Gaffelière  (St. Émilion Grand Cru) 92

2009 La Gaffeliere opens with limestone, dark berries, spice, and smoke aromatics. Silky in texture, this merlot based wine ends with boysenberries and licorice. 92-94 Pts

5,267 Views   Tasted
2008 Château La Gaffelière  (St. Émilion Grand Cru) 91

Juicy plums, spice, minerality, earth and espresso notes are found in this medium bodied Bordeaux wine. Elegant and refined, the wine ends with a blend of soft, polished red and black fruits. 91 Points

3,539 Views   Tasted
2006 Château La Gaffelière  (St. Émilion Grand Cru) 88

Much better on the earthy, red fruit, licorice and espresso bean nose than on the medium bodied, crisp, bright, crunchy, red fruit palate. 88 Points

3,197 Views   Tasted
2005 Château La Gaffelière  (St. Émilion Grand Cru) 94

Tight, but with air and extensive swirling, notes of boysenberry, blackberry and blue fruit, along with licorice, spice and minerals begin to show. Fat,concentrated and filled with juicy ripe, fruit, this plush, powerful wine ends with a blast of spicy, chocolate covered black raspberries.This wine needs at least another 5-7 years before everything comes together. 94 Points

7,710 Views   Tasted
2004 Château La Gaffelière  (St. Émilion Grand Cru) 90

Medium bodied, elegant, open and showing secondary notes of earth, truffle, tobacco, stone, herbs and cherries, this is ready for prime time drinking. 90 Points

3,032 Views   Tasted
2003 Château La Gaffelière  (St. Émilion Grand Cru) 91

At close to full maturity, the wine displays a nose with tobacco, truffle, flowers, fennel and black cherry notes. Medium bodied, soft, round and ready to go, the finish leaves you with plums, spice and cherries. The wine was made from a blend of 70% Merlot and 30% Cabernet Franc. 91 Points

3,365 Views   Tasted
2001 Château La Gaffelière  (St. Émilion Grand Cru) 89

Beautiful nose of licorice, cassis, tobacco, mint, smoke spice earth. Medium bodied, fully mature, soft and focused on the red berry side of the style range. There is a touch of herb and olive in the end note, along with some dryness in the red cherries. This is at full peak, or slightly past and should be consumed over the next 3-5 years. 89 Points

3,179 Views   Tasted
2000 Château La Gaffelière  (St. Émilion Grand Cru) 89

Fully mature, medium bodied, soft, and fresh, the wine offers a pleasant, black raspberry, earth, smoke and spicy profile. There is no reason to age this much longer. 89 Points

3,663 Views   Tasted
1998 Château La Gaffelière  (St. Émilion Grand Cru) 90

Fully mature, the nose, with its truffle, thyme, herb and smoke accents which accompany the fresh, sweet cherries is a bit more interesting than the soft, but not overly interesting or long palate presence. 90 Points

3,045 Views   Tasted
1982 Château La Gaffelière  (St. Émilion Grand Cru) 87

Already starting its slow decline into senility. I know, who isn't? Much more interesting on the completely tertiary nose, with its forest, floor, truffle, thyme, coffee bean and plummy nose, than on the medium bodied, soft, silky, polished, spicy, earthy, plum filled palate. I bet this was a much better wine 10 years ago. 87 Points

4,027 Views   Tasted
1964 Château La Gaffelière  (St. Émilion Grand Cru) 93

Much better than the previous bottle, this was rockin'! Luscious fruits, silky, earthy, ripe, soft fruits and a finish that lingers with its blend of plums, rocks, stones, tobacco and herbs. At the perfect level of maturity, if you can find a bottle, grab it! 93 Points

1,949 Views   Tasted

Smoky dark cherries, licorice, earth, tobacco and plum characteristics, medium/full bodied, soft, and gently fading, the wine shows the charm of its age, while still providing pleasure. No decanting needed, just pop and pour. This is not a wine for further aging. 90 Points

2,616 Views   Tasted
1961 Château La Gaffelière Naudes  (St. Émilion Grand Cru) 92

Leafy with added complexities of spice box, cigar wrapper, cedar, leather and wet earth that adds to the red pit fruits. There is freshness, soft tannins and more, delicious, ripe, red fruits along with herbs and earthy notes in the finish. This is one of the better values from 1961 in the Right Bank, if you can find a bottle. 92 Points

2,958 Views   Tasted

Explosive nose of flowers, black raspberry, thyme, sweet cherry, tobacco and fresh herbs. Silky, soft and smooth, with a sweet, fresh, sensuous red berry finish. 92 Points

2,423 Views   Tasted
1961 Château La Gaffelière  (St. Émilion Grand Cru) 91

1961 La Gaffeliere is filled with 5 spice, minerality, smoke, crushed stone, ash, dark berry and plum scents. With silky, fleshy textures, complicated by the patina of age, the wine finishes with coffee, spice, olive, black cherry and cocoa. 91 Points

3,465 Views   Tasted
1955 Château La Gaffelière Naudes  (St. Émilion Grand Cru) 93

A stellar example of fully mature, Merlot-based Bordeaux at its peak. Silky and soft in texture, the medium/full-bodied wine offers up tobacco leaf, cigar box, thyme, burning embers and mushrooms alongside the sweet, ripe, red cherries. With freshness and some sweetness remaining on the palate, this is well-worth seeking out in the auction market, as not everyone knows how good these wines are. 93 Points

1,950 Views   Tasted
1950 Château La Gaffelière Naudes  (St. Émilion Grand Cru) 94

It is hard to believe this is 70 years old. Just fabulous from start to finish. The is soft, lush and silky with that special patina that comes from age. The perfume, with its truffle, wet earth, forest floor, cigar box and red fruit hits all the right notes. On the palate, this is even better. I might not see this beauty again, but the memory still lingers. 94 Points

1,389 Views   Tasted
1928 Château La Gaffelière  (St. Émilion Grand Cru) 95

Complex aromatics made from intense scents of smoke, tobacco, cassis, cedar chest, black cherry, coffee, cigar leaf, spice, earth and truffle. Concentrated with flavor, with sweet patina of age that comes from decades of cellaring, the wine ends with bitter chocolate, sweet, red plums and spice. 95 Points

2,504 Views   Tasted