Everything about Liber Pater Graves, Pessac Leognan, Bordeaux wine producer profile, with wine tasting notes, wine and food pairing tips, wine ratings, best vintages, a history of the property, information on wine making and terroir, along with wine tasting reviews. If you want to read about other important, Bordeaux Chateaux: Links to all Bordeaux Wine Producer Profiles
Liber Pater History, Overview
A lot has been written about Liber Pater and its owner Loic Pasquet. To explain this succinctly, Loic Pasquet want to show what Bordeaux wine tasted like at the time of the original classification and pre Phylloxera. To do this, he using old vines and ungrafted rootstock in sand with gravel soils. At Liber Pater, they also use grape varieties in small amounts that were in use in Bordeaux in those days, but are not currently allowed by INAO rules. The vineyard is planted in some places at a high vine density of up to 20,000 vines per hectare and the yields are kept low.
The entire vineyard is farmed by the owner and a mule. Loic Pasquet also uses a plow that is more more than 150 years old. I have been there and seen it used in thee vineyards. So, while many things are different, including the use of 100% new, French oak barrels, selection, malolactic fermentation in barrels and other modern techniques, when you taste the wine of Liber Pater, this is about as close as you are going to get to wines produced in the 19th century, albeit with a modern twist.
Liber Pater takes its name from an ancient Roman God that was associated with Bacchus. Liber Pater was considered the God of vines, wine, abundance and even fertility. The estate produces three wines, a red wine, a white wine and a sweet, white dessert wine.
Loic Pasquet purchased Liber Pater in 2005. His first vintage that was under his control was 2006. Loic Pasquet has a spare no expense attitude to producing the best wine possible from his tiny Bordeaux wine vineyard in the Graves appellation. Within a few years, Loic Pasquet was clearly producing a wine that far exceeded what anyone was doing in the appellation. The wine of Liber Pater began to be in such high demand that single bottles were selling for as much as 2,000 Euros per bottle. In January, 2016 Loic Pasquet ended a long running dispute with the French Administration and the European Community over monies provided for agricultural promotion. The monies were returned along with a small fine. The only other change was that as of 2015, the wines were only allowed to be sold as a VDP, instead of the Graves appellation. That is not going to change the ability of Liber Pater to sell in the marketplace.
Liber Pater Vineyards, Terroir, Grapes, Winemaking
The red wine for Liber Pater is produced from the fruit that comes from a two-hectare section of his seven-hectare vineyard in the southern Graves area. The vineyard actually dates to ancient Roman times. It is planted at a vine density of 8,400 vine per hectare. The vineyard of Liber Pater is planted to 60% Cabernet Sauvignon and 40% Merlot. The vines are old, with an average age of 40 years.
The vines of Liber Pater are propagated from a selection massale of the property’s own pre-phylloxera, ungrafted rootstock. Liber Pater is one of the first estates in Bordeaux to begin planting grapes that were popular in the pre-phylloxera era, Castet, Marselan and Tarney Coulant. The varieties are expected to be added to Liber Pater starting with the 2015 vintage.
The terroir of Liber Pater is mostly gravel with mineral deposits. The Liber Pater vineyard is organically farmed with all mechanical plowing done exclusively with horses. Harvesting is manual. The net yields are often the lowest in the entire Bordeaux appellation. In 2009, they were just 15 hectoliters per hectare. In 2010 and 2011, the yields were even lower at only 10 hectoliters per hectare!
Liber Pater Winemaking
To produce the wine Liber Pater is a labor intensive process. After sorting, they use micro vinification techniques. Fermentation takes place in 100% new, French oak barrels from Cadus (50%) and Remond (50%). The maceration time is usually long. As an example, with the 2009 vintage, the maceration ran 60 days. Malolactic fermentation takes place in barrel where the new wine spends an estimated 18 months on its lees that will be stirred regularly. Only 2,400 bottles are produced per vintage of the red wine of Liber Pater.
As you can see, much of the work in their Bordeaux vineyard work is done by hand, by the owner, Loic Pasquet, with the help of a Spanish mule.
Their dry, white Bordeaux wine, Liber Pater Blanc, comes from a one hectare section of the seven hectare vineyard. It is planted at a density of 8,400 vines per hectare. he varietal mix includes 80% Sémillon and 20% Sauvignon Blanc with vines that average an impressive 85 years of age. Like what they did with the red grape vines, all the vines are propagated from a selection massal of the property’s own pre-phylloxera, ungrafted rootstock. The yields for the white wine of Liber Pater are insanely low. To give you an example, for the 2009 vintage, the yields were only 2.25 hectoliters per hectare! 2010 was massive in comparison at a whopping 5 hectoliters per hectare.
Liber Pater Blanc is a very labor intensive wine to produce. The fruit is pressed under the protection of a blanket of CO2. Fermentation takes place exclusively in 100% new, French oak barrels from Remond. The wine is aged on its lees for an average of 16 months with regular stirring. Only 300 bottles of this hard to find, white Bordeaux wine are produced in an average vintage.
Serving and Decanting Liber Pater, with Wine, Food, Pairing Tips
Liber Pater is best served at 15.5 degrees Celsius, 60 degrees Fahrenheit. The cool, almost cellar temperature gives the wine more freshness and lift. Young vintages can be decanted for 1-2 hours. This allows the wine to soften and open its perfume. The wine will also gently warm in the glass, releasing its aromatics. Older vintages might also need decanting, for both aerating and to remove the sediment. The red wine of Liber Pater is best served with all types of classic meat dishes, veal, pork, beef, lamb, duck, game, roast chicken, roasted braised and grilled dishes. Liber Pater is a perfect match with Asian dishes, hearty fish courses like tuna, mushrooms and pasta as well as cheese. The white wine of Liber Pater is a perfect wine to serve with shellfish, sashimi, sushi, all types of seafood, chicken, veal and cheese.
Loic Pasquet and Liber Pater have a commitment to producing the best Bordeaux wine possible. That commitment is so strong, for the 2012 vintage, Liber Pater declassified their entire harvest! They produced no red, white or dessert wine that year. For a chateau of this size to declassify an entire years crop is unheard of. Proving even more of a commitment to only making and selling wine they feel deserves to be called Liber Pater, they once again declassified their entire crop in 2013! To further illustrate their commitment of quality, even with their tiny production, Liber Pater produces a second wine in select vintages, Clos de Landiras. Liber Pater also produces an entry level wine, Denarius. Liber Pater Denarius is available in both red and white wines.
Liber Pater takes everything seriously, including their label art, which they change every year. Liber Pater is one of the most expensive wines in all of Bordeaux. Single bottles sell for over $3,000 per bottle in some markets.
Liber Pater Wine Tasting Notes
18 Vintages 25450 Views Sort Vintage - Rating
Deep ruby in color, flowers, smoke, earth, tobacco, espresso and ripe, dark plum scents find you easily. Elegant, fresh and less dense than previous vintages, but in exchange, the wine has more lift and finesse that really shows a fine, Graves character. Ripe, fruits, refined, sandy tannins and a long, fresh, plummy finish. This should age quite well. The wine was produced from a unique blending of 98% Cabernet Sauvignon, 1.5% Tarnay Coulant and .5% Castet. The Tarnay Coulant and Castet were used in pre phylloxera Bordeaux. Due to these non AOC allowed grape varietals, the wine will be sold as a Vin de France. The wine is made from the lowest yields in all of Bordeaux at 10 hectoliters per hectare. Aged on its lees in 100% new, French, oak barrels for between 28 to 30 months before bottling, the extended aging time is due to the fact the grapes all come from 100% ungrafted vines, meaning that in theory, this is about as close as you are going to get to wines produced in the 19th century, albeit with a lot more selection, and probably more new oak barrels, which have a longer aging time.Because of severe frost damage, only Liber Pater was produced this year, they did not make any white wine, Denarius of Clos de Landrias.
Apr 29, 2017points - Tasted 1506 Views
Fresh squeezed yellow and orange citrus fruits with overtones of honey suckle. Rich, lush and concentrated, the wine is the product of ripe fruits with freshness. This is one of the few dry white Bordeaux wines made from 100% Semillon.
Jul 7, 2017points - Tasted 903 Views
Using 100% Semillon, this wine opens with fresh lemon peel, honeysuckle, orange and vanilla notes. The wine is full-bodied, concentrated and loaded with minerality along with sweet, fresh, honeyed, yellow and orange citrus fruits.
Apr 23, 2016points - Tasted 787 Views
Inky dark in color, this wine is thick, rich, dense and intense. The weight takes up a lot of volume on your palate, though due to its freshness, it is not at all flabby. The finish is packed with lush, dark, chocolate covered blackberries and jam. Produced from a blend of 80% Cabernet Sauvignon, 15% Petit Verdot and 5% assorted rare, grape varieties that were used pre phylloxera, including: Castet, Marselan and Tarney Coulant. Due to these non-Bordeaux varietals, the wine will be sold as a Vin de France. Aged in 100% new, French, oak barrels, this wine was made for the first time with 100% ungrafted vines, meaning that in theory, this is about as close as you are going to get to wines produced in the 19th century, albeit with a lot more selection, new oak and low yields. Still, it's fascinating to consider what is taking place at Liber Pater. 93 - 95 Pts
Apr 23, 2016points - Tasted 948 Views
Deep in color with polished, chocolate covered cherries and licorice as a main part of its theme, this wine was fashioned from a blend of 75% Cabernet Sauvignon and 25% Merlot. The vines used for this wine are an average of 40 years old and the production is quite tiny, only 250 cases are produced in an average year. Micro vinified, meaning that it was made entirely in barrels, this wine is aged on its lees in 100% new, French oak barrels for up to 24 months before bottling. 90-92
Apr 23, 2016points - Tasted 702 Views
From an even split of 50% Cabernet Sauvignon and 50% Merlot, this wine offers dark, black cherries and smoky cigar fragrances. Easy to drink, round and forward with a sweet, dark, red berry note and thyme in the finish. it makes quite a statement that with such a tiny production, Loic Pasquet is willing to make a second wine. 87 - 89 Pts
Apr 23, 2016points - Tasted 752 Views
This is a big, fat, lusty baroness of a wine, plump and lavish with sweet, dark fruits. The essence of tobacco, anise and chocolate fill your glass. Full bodied and curvy, there is quite a bit of density to the fruit in this vintage. This is one of the most concentrated wines of the vintage. 92-93 Pts
Apr 24, 2015points - Tasted 968 Views
Liber Pater was not in produced for the second year in a row as the wine was not up the exacting standards of Loic Pasquet.
May 3, 2014points - Tasted 1385 Views
Smoke, earth, herbs and tart red berries in a light finish. 86-88 Pts
May 8, 2016points - Tasted 907 Views
The entire Liber Pater harvest was declassified, as the crop was not up to the standards of Loic Pasquet.
May 19, 2013points - Tasted 991 Views
Clearly the most concentrated wine of the vintage, the wine is inky in color. Liber Pater waited until October 10 begin their harvest. In part, that explains the licorice, tobacco, cocoa, and ripe dark fruits. The wine is full bodied, concentrated and leaves with you fresh, black cherries, dark chocolate and cassis in the finish.
May 25, 2016points - Tasted 846 Views
From 70% Cabernet Sauvignon and 30% Merlot, the wine reached 14.2% alcohol. Deep ruby in color with purple in the rim, the complex perfume is comprised of licorice, mineral, smoke, black raspberry jam and truffle scents. In the mouth, the wine is soft, opulent and round with a fresh, ripe black cherry and espresso finish. The wine has taken on legendary status in some Asian countries selling for well over $1,000 a bottle! 91-94 Pts
Apr 25, 2012points - Tasted 1172 Views
Charcoal, wet earth, forest floor and smoked fruit create the nose. On the palate, the wine is silky, fresh, polished and lush, with loads of ripe, dark red berries and tobacco in the finish.
Jul 7, 2017points - Tasted 900 Views
Smoke, cigar box, earth, burning wood, espresso bean, licorice and dark berry aromas open to silky, plush, sensuous textures. The wine is dense, rich and polished, finishing with fresh, ripe, sweet plums and blackberries.
May 8, 2013points - Tasted 1357 Views
Liber Pater – Produced from a blend of 60% Cabernet Sauvignon and 35% Merlot, 3% Petit Verdot and 2% Cabernet Franc, from vines planted on deep gravelly soils, this will be aged in 100% new oak. Deep ruby with purple accents in color, the wine is filled with stone, black and blue fruit, jam, coffee and licorice scents. Fat, lush and richly textured, this opulent, fleshy wine finishes with chocolate covered sweet berries and licorice. Production is limited to 1,500 bottles. 92-95 Pts,
Apr 21, 2011points - Tasted 1423 Views
From yields of only 5 hectoliters per hectare, (making it a candidate for a wine produced from the lowest yields in all of Bordeaux,) this rich, full bodied, deep, concentrated wine is packed with notes of flowers, citrus, tropical fruits, vanilla, spice and minerality. Intense and long, this complex, concentrated, rich wine is long, fresh, clean and mouth filling.
May 19, 2013points - Tasted 1094 Views
With fresh, ripe, blackberry and cigar box notes, the wine is soft, round, and slightly dry in the finish. This is the second wine of Liber Pater. With such a tiny production, this truly shows a commitment to quality.
May 8, 2013points - Tasted 1381 Views
From 100% Semillon produced from incredibly low yields of 6 hectoliters per hectare, this marks the debut vintage of the dry white wine for the new owner, Loic Pasquet. With an evolved color, the wine pops with pineapple, flowers, honeysuckle and spice. On the palate the wine is rich, fleshy and filled with vibrant, slightly honeyed fruits, nuts, and pears. This is an exotic, fleshy, sweet, complex expression of dry, white Bordeaux wine.
May 19, 2013points - Tasted 888 Views
Complex notes of earth, smoke, tobacco, licorice, coffee ban and cigar box, with fresh dark berries, refined, sexy, silky textures and an opulent, rich, concentrated, elegant, sensual, ripe, fruit filled finish are found in this wine.
May 19, 2013points - Tasted 1366 Views
With a smoke filled, herbal, black cherry filled set of aromatics, the wine is polished, soft and round, ending with an open, earthy, spice filled, red cherry finish.
May 19, 2013points - Tasted 994 Views
The entire crop was declassified, as the harvest was not up to the standards of Loic Pasquet and Liber Pater.
May 19, 2013points - Tasted 987 Views
Truffle, smoked meat black cherry and burning campfire ember aromatics are the first thing you notice, as your glass fills your nose. Medium/full bodied, with round textures and sweetness, there is freshness and a smoked, cherry note in the finish. Very solid for the vintage.
Jul 7, 2017points - Tasted 926 Views
Cigar box, earth, truffle, porcini mushroom and blackberry notes lead to an impressive wine for the vintage with black cherries, soft textures, which is marred by a hint of fresh herbs and leaf notes in the plush textured finish.
May 19, 2013points - Tasted 1090 Views
Blackberry, tobacco, earth, cocoa and black cherry scents, supple textures, forward style and a plummy, chocoalte covered cherry sensation in the finish are found in this wine.
Aug 5, 2012points - Tasted 1177 Views